Vocational training in Germany
Ausbildung in Deutschland
Doing a dual training course is twice the fun, because it alternates practice and theory. Once you have completed your training, a variety of career prospects are open to you.
1. Double fun with theory and practice
It com¬bines theory and practice right from the start. It's an on-the-job training at a company, while one or two days a week, or several weeks at a time, are reserved for vocational school where you will learn about the theoreti¬cal principles that serve as the basis for your work. This dual system combining theory and practice will give you an ideal start into your job.
2. High demand of young talent
As companies across all industries are currently on the look¬out for trainees, your chances of securing a place in a voca¬tional training programme (Ausbildung in Germany) are excellent. In the year 2016 alone, 43,478 positions in vocational training could not be filled. Further information on how to successfully apply to a company can be found in the guide to "Vocational training in Germany".
3. Earning while learning
When you start a vocational training programme in Germany you will be earning money from day one throughtout the Ausbildung in Germany. Companies will pay you a salary for the work you do as part of your course while Ausbildung in Deutschland.
4. Good chances to get a permanent job
Vocational training(Ausbildung in Germany) may be your ticket to a career on the German labour market. Around two thirds of all trainees get a permanent job with their companies after completing vocational training.
Upon completion of your Ausbildung in Deutschland programme you will be fully quali¬fied in your profession and earn good money – and you will benefit from the fact that you already know your company, its operations and your colleagues.
5. Good career prospects
Vocational training makes you fit for the future. Profession¬als with a vocational qualification are in high demand on the German labour market after Ausbildung in Germany. In some fields, candidates with a vocational qualification are even more sought after than university graduates.
VOCATIONAL TRAINING IN GERMANY
In Germany there is a special way of learning a trade: the Dual vocational training system. As part of the dual system, you will attend classes at a vocational school and receive on-the-job training at a company.
The dual vocational training system
Dual vocational training programmes offer plenty of opportunity for on-the-job training and work experience. Duration of Vocational training’s programmes are between two and three and a half years and comprise theoretical as well as practical elements. You will spend one or two days a week, or several weeks at once, at a vocational school to get theoretical knowledge and the rest of the time will be spent at a company to apply your new¬ly acquired knowledge in practice.
There are around 350 officially recognised training programmes in Germany. You can find out which on that might be by visiting one of the jobs and vocational training fairs which are organized in many German cities at different times in the year. Information on when and where the fairs take place are provided by the website Planet-Beruf.net.
Vocational training and pay
In Germany, candidates pursuing a vocational training pro¬gramme throughout the Ausbildung in Deutschland will get a monthly stipend from the company they work for i.e. around 795 Euros gross (Depending on occupation and region, your salary may be higher or lower during Ausbildung in Germany) For example, mechatronics engineering train¬ees earn 950 Euros gross per month on average. The stipend increases every year upto 100 Euros. Part of your wages will be deducted for social security contributions. Income will be subject to income tax. If you earn more than 8,354 Euros per year.
The Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training (BIBB) has published a list of occupations and the respec¬tive salaries you receive as a trainee throughout the Ausbildung in Deutschland .
Stages of dual vocational training
Dual training programmes usually start on 1 August or 1 September each year. They comprise on-the-job training at a company and classes at a vocational school (Berufsschule). Classes include German, English and social studies. During your training programme, you are entitled to at least 24 working days or four weeks of annual leave. However, you may only take your leave during school holidays.
School-based vocational training
School-based vocational training throughout the Ausbildung in Deutschland differs from dual training in that you will spend less time training at a company. You will learn theory and practice of your future occupation at a voca¬tional school, called either Berufsfachschule or Berufskolleg. This form of voca¬tional training is very common in nursing, in the design/cre¬ative industry, and in the fields of business and engineering.
School-based vocational training throughout the Ausbildung in Germany usually lasts between one and three years. It is offered by state and private schools. Private schools often charge fees. In contrast to dual train¬ing programmes, you will not receive a salary during school-based vocational training. The only exception is healthcare/ nursing where trainees will work in hospitals or nursing homes for extended periods of on-the-job training. These trainees will receive a salary for the entire course of their training programme. For example: as a trainee nurse you will earn 956 Euros/month gross in your first year, 1017 Euros in your second, and 1118 Euros in your third year.
Dual vocational degrees
A dual vocational degree (ausbildungsintegriertes duales Studium) throughout the Ausbildung in Deutschland is a special form of degree programme. It integrates studies at a higher education institution such as a university or Berufsakademie and on-the-job training at a company. This means that you will obtain both a degree and a recognised Professional qualification. This kind of integrated dual degree course is particularly common in the areas of business and en¬gineering (e.g. business studies, mechanical engineering or IT).
In contrast to regular university degree programmes, dual vocational degrees do not primarily focus on academic stud¬ies. In addition to the theory that is taught at a higher edu¬cation institution or Berufsakademie, students also undergo on-the-job training at a company. This provides them with the necessary work experience that opens up excellent career op¬portunities. Moreover, students receive a stipend like any other trainee during the time they work for their company. Dual vocational degree programmes (Ausbildung in Germany) usually last between three and five years. In most cases, the vocational part is limited to two years to make sure that there is enough time for the academic part. You can only participate in this kind of degree course if you have the required entrance qualification for German universities. The first step is to apply at a com¬pany that will be responsible for your practical training. Then you enrol for a degree course at the university your company cooperates with.
3 TIPS for the foreign trainees
- Get involved with the country and the people
- Go out and talk to people
- Adapt, but don’t dissimulate
"Be open to the people and culture"
Am I Qualified FOR A VOCATIONAL TRAINING COURSE IN GERMANY?
If you want to learn a trade in Germany, there are certain re¬quirements you have to meet. For example, you may need a long-term visa and adequate German language skills.
Visa: Citizens from India
To apply for a visa for vocational training, submit the following:
(Please prepare copies and bring two identical sets)
In German or English, completed and signed by hand. No applications for Schengen visas!
Passport + copies (all relevant pages)
At least two blank pages. Please note that the validity of the passport must exceed the duration of the visa by at least three months please copy the laminated data page and all pages containing visas, stamps or entries.
3 Identical biometric passport photos, not older than 6 months
Signed training contract:
This should include details of the nature, content and duration of the training envisaged. In the case of in-company training, the working time, the place of work and the amount of the remuneration (at least 939, - Euro/gross per month) must also be stated.
Unless the content of the training is specified in the contract, a separate training plan must be submitted.
If the training salary is lower according to the contract, the difference for the entire training must be proven in advance by:
- A formal declaration of commitment acc. Sections 66 — 68 of the Residence Act, in which a third party undertakes in writing to bear the costs (aliens' offices in Germany provide appropriate forms).
- The declaration of commitment must include a reference to the intended purpose and duration of the stay and must be “proven” of financial standing. (The word “credible” is not sufficient for a longer stay.) Or:
- By paying the required amount into a blocked account in Germany. Original confirmation from the bank must be provided.
Proof of qualification: e. g. diplomas, certificates
Proof of German proficiency:
(Original + 2 copies) — Proof of your German proficiency is provided by presenting a language certificate with level B1 of the European Framework of reference.
The certificate must be issued by the Goethe-Institut, a Telc or ECL-certified language school or the Austrian Institute (ÖSD). OR:
Confirmation from the training institution that the language proficiency has already been tested and is adequate. OR: Confirmation of participation for German language courses (original + 2 copies) – If a language course is preceded by the in-company training, please provide a corresponding confirmation of participation. This must show that the language course leads to the acquisition of the language skills required for vocational training or is completed with the aim of starting training.
in particular with a description of previous education and, if applicable, professional activity
Certificate of statutory health insurance from Germany valid from the date of employment.
Please note: If not already included in the compulsory health insurance, a separate travel health insurance must be presented. This must be valid for the period from arrival in Germany to the beginning of the apprenticeship.
— Visa fee 75,— Euro
When applying for a visa you have to prove that you are capable of paying for your living, no matter if you are pursuing a dual or school-based vocational training course. This is particularly im¬portant when you start a school-based training programme, be¬cause on most of the programmes you won’t be earning money.
Am I allowed to work in another job while pursuing voca¬tional training?
Yes, you are allowed to work up to ten hours per week in a job that is not related to your vocational training. For example, you may work at a restaurant while training as a mechatronics engineer.
What kind of school—leaving certificate you need for taking up vocational training in Germany depends on the occupation and programme you’re interested in:
- Dual vocational training: You do not need a school—leaving certificate in order to start training at a company in Germa¬ny. Each company decides at its own discretion which qual¬ifications their candidates need.
- School-based vocational training: In order to be admitted to a course at a Berufsfachschule or Berufskolleg you will need to have completed general education and provide a school—leaving certificate from a school equivalent to either a Gymnasium or Realschule. For some vocational training programmes you also need to prove that you already have some work experience in that area (e.g. through an intern¬ship).
- Dual vocational degrees: In order to be admitted to a dual vocational degree combining academic studies and train¬ing in a company, you need a university entrance qualifica¬tion. In addition, you have to sign a training contract with a company.
TRAINING PROFILES AT A GLANCE
Vocational training in Germany will give you a head start into your career. We’d like to introduce you to five types of voca¬tional training in jobs for which German companies are cur¬rently trying to find staff
An overview of the training sector
- Training in the automotive industry
- Training in construction and architecture
- Training in the pharmaceutical and chemical sector
- Training in the office
- Retail training
- Education in finance
- Training in craft
- Training in journalism
- Training in human resources
- Training in tourism
- Training in sales
- Public service training
- Training in nursing and health
- Training in advertising and marketing
- Training in gastronomy
- Training in IT and EDP
- Training in the real estate industry
- Training in industry
- Training in agriculture
- Training in logistics
- Training in the fashion industry
- Training in the textile industry
- Training in administration
|Sn.||Name of the training||Duration|
|1.||Training as a geriatric nurse||3 years|
|2.||Training to become an anaesthesiologist assistant||3-5 years|
|3.||Training as tailor of alterations||2 years|
|4.||Training as a plant mechanic||3.5 years|
|5.||Training as a system mechanic for sanitary, heating and air conditioning technology||3.5 years|
|6.||Training as an asphalt paver||3 years|
|7.||Training as a computer science assistant||2 years|
|8.||Training as a geo-visualization assistant||3 years|
|9.||Training as a processing mechanic||3 years|
|10.||Training as an optician||3 years|
|11.||Training to become a skilled worker||2 years|
|12.||Training as a machine specialist FR machine mechatronics||3 years|
|13.||Apprenticeship as an automobile salesman||3 years|
|14.||Training as a baker||3 years|
|15.||Training as a bank clerk||3 years|
|16.||Training as a construction equipment operator||3 years|
|17.||Training as a building material tester||3 years|
|18.||Training as a building and object coater||2 years|
|18.||Training as a structural sealer||3 years|
|20.||Training as a building mechanic for demolition and concrete cutting technology||3 years|
|21.||Training as a draftsman||3 years|
|22.||Apprenticeship as a tank and apparatus builder||3.5 years|
|23.||Training as a miner and machinist in the field of transport and maintenance||2 years|
|24.||Training as a mining technologist||2 years|
|25.||Training to become a professional driver||3 years|
|26.||Training to become a funeral specialist||3 years|
|27.||Training as a concrete and reinforced concrete worker||3 years|
|28.||Training as a precast concrete maker||3 years|
|29.||Training as a inland waterway skipper||3 years|
|30.||Training as biological-technical assistant||3 years|
|31.||Training as a brewer and maltster||3 years|
|32.||Training as a bookbinder||3 years|
|33.||Training as a bookseller||3 years|
|34.||Training as a gunsmith||3 years|
|35.||Training as chemical-technical assistant||2-3-4 years|
|36.||Training as a roofer||3 years|
|37.||Training to become a dietician||3 years|
|38.||Training as a pharmacist||3 years|
|39.||Apprenticeship as a boat builder||3.5 years|
|40.||Training as a railway worker in operations service||3 years|
|41.||Training as electronics technician for automation technology||3.5 years|
|42.||Training as an electronics technician for industrial engineering||3 years|
|43.||Training as an electronics technician for energy and building technology||3.5 years|
|44.||Training as an electronics technician for building and infrastructure systems||3.5 years|
|45.||Training as an electronics technician for devices and systems||3.5 years|
|46.||Training as an electronics technician for information and systems technology||3.5 years|
|47.||Training as an electronics technician for information and Telecommunications technology||3.5 years|
|48.||Training as electronics technician for machines and drive technology||3.5 years|
|49.||Training to become an occupational therapist||3 years|
|50.||Training to become an educator||3-6 years|
|51.||Training as a specialist for labor market services||3 years|
|52.||Training as a specialist for swimming pools||3 years|
|53.||Training as a specialist in media and information services||3 years|
|54.||Training as IT specialist - application development||3 years|
|55.||Training as IT specialist - system integration||3 years|
|56.||Training as a specialist in wastewater technology||3 years|
|57.||Training to become a specialist in fruit juice technology||3 years|
|58.||Training to become a specialist in courier, express and postal services||2 years|
|59.||Training as a specialist in warehouse logistics||3 years|
|60.||Training as a specialist in food technology||3 years|
|61.||Training as a specialist in furniture, kitchen and moving services||3 years|
|62.||Training as a specialist for pipe, sewer and industrial service||3 years|
|63.||Training to become a specialist in protection and security||3 years|
|64.||Training to become a specialist in event technology||3 years|
|65.||Training as a specialist in driving operations||3 years|
|66.||Training as a specialist in the hospitality industry||2 years|
|67.||Training as a specialist in recycling and waste management||3 years|
|68.||Training as a specialist in metal technology, specializing in construction technology||2 years|
|69.||Training as a specialist in metal technology, specializing in assembly technology||2 years|
|70.||Training as a specialist in water supply technology||3 years|
|71.||Training as a warehouse clerk||2 years|
|72.||Training as a specialist in system catering||3 years|
|73.||Training as a salesman for the food trade||3 years|
|74.||Training as a vehicle painter||3 years|
|75.||Training as a precision optician||3.5 years|
|76.||Training as a precision mechanic||3.5 years|
|77.||Training as a production mechanic||3 years|
|78.||Training as a butcher||3 years|
|79.||Training as a tile, slab and mosaic layer||3 years|
|80.||Training as a florist||3 years|
|81.||Training as an aircraft mechanic||3 years|
|82.||Training as an air traffic controller||3 years|
|83.||Training as a forest manager||3 years|
|84.||Training as a photographer||3 years|
|85.||Training in hairdresser||3 years|
|86.||Training as a gardener - gardening and landscaping||3 years|
|87.||Training as a building cleaner||3 years|
|88.||Training as a geometrician||3 years|
|89.||Scaffolding training||3 years|
|90.||Training as a designer for visual marketing||3 years|
|91.||Training as a design assistant||2-3-4 years|
|92.||Training as a health and child nurse||3 years|
|93.||Training to become a nurse||3 years|
|94.||Apprenticeship as a foundry mechanic||3 years|
|95.||Training as a glazier||3 years|
|96.||Training as a track construction||3 years|
|97.||Apprenticeship as a goldsmith||3.5 years|
|98.||Training as a commercial assistant||3 years|
|99.||Training as a commercial specialist||3 years|
|100.||Training as a housekeeper||3 years|
|101.||Training to become a midwife / obstetrician||3 years|
|102.||Training to become a building construction worker||2 years|
|103.||Training as a wood and building protector||3 years|
|104.||Training as a wood mechanic||3 years|
|105.||Training as a hearing care professional||3 years|
|106.||Training as a hotel manager||3 years|
|107.||Training as a hotel clerk||3 years|
|108.||Training to become a farrier||2.5 years|
|109.||Training as an industrial electrician - industrial engineering||2 years|
|110.||Training as an industrial clerk||3 years|
|111.||Training as an industrial ceramist||3 years|
|112.||Training as an industrial mechanic||3.5 years|
|113.||Training to become an IT specialist||3 years|
|114.||Training to become an information electronics technician||3.5 years|
|115.||Training as an IT system electronics technician||3 years|
|116.||Training as a sewer builder||3 years|
|117.||Apprenticeship as a body and vehicle construction mechanic||3.5 years|
|118.||Training as a businessman for tourism and leisure||3 years|
|119.||Training as a vehicle mechatronics technician||3.5 years|
|120.||Training as a plumber||3.5 years|
|121.||Training as a chef (cook )||3 years|
|122.||Training as a pastry chef||3 years|
|123.||Training as a construction mechanic||3 years|
|124.||Training as an agricultural and construction machinery mechatronics technician||3 years|
|125.||Training as a farmer||3 years|
|126.||Training as a food inspector||2 years|
|127.||Training as a speech therapist||3 years|
|128.||Apprenticeship as a painter and varnisher||3 years|
|129.||Training as a machine and plant operator||3 years|
|130.||Training as a makeup artist||3 years|
|131.||Training as a bespoke tailor||3 years|
|132.||Training as a mathematical-technical software developer||3 years|
|133.||Training as a bricklayer||3 years|
|134.||Training as a mechanic specializing in tire vulcanization technology||3 years|
|135.||Training as a mechatronics technician||3.5 years|
|136.||Training as a mechatronics technician for refrigeration technology||3.5 years|
|137.||Training as media designer for digital and print FR design and technology||3 years|
|138.||Training as a digital & print media clerk||3 years|
|139.||Training as a media technologist for printing||3 years|
|140.||Training as a media technologist for print processing||3 years|
|141.||Training as a media technologist for screen printing||3 years|
|142.||Training as a medical-technical laboratory assistant||2 years|
|143.||Training as a medical assistant||3 years|
|144.||Training as a metal worker||3.5 years|
|145.||Training as a micro technologist||3 years|
|146.||Training as a milk technologist||3 years|
|147.||Training as a dairy laboratory technician||3 years|
|148.||Training as a fashion designer||2-3 years|
|149.||Training to become an emergency paramedic||3 years|
|150.||Training as a surface coater||3 years|
|151.||Training as a surgical technician||3 years|
|152.||Training as an orthopedic shoemaker||3 years|
|153.||Training as an orthopedic technician||3 years|
|154.||Training as a packaging technologist||3 years|
|155.||Training as a paper technologist||3 years|
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